Latest update - 22nd August 2021 www.pbtsm.co.uk
Each time a step forward is announced in loop quantum gravity, string theory, M-Theory or any of the other not-too-far-away from each other hypotheses, I have to smile, because it brings them closer to ring theory. If only the proponents of these ideas could see them in terms of meons and rings, it would help them significantly. There are real particles underlying everything, although those particles combine to form units of nothing from which the background universe is made. A hypothesis that starts with only one type of particle, and its anti-partner, and only envisages a single form of motion of those particles, and a single composite structure that an even number of these particles form, must be a good candidate for the simplest explanation of everything, especially when the partner and anti-partner combine into, or are ripped apart from, a unit of zero properties other than physical size.
The September 2021 update outlines two papers, the first, shown here as Big Bang contraction and atomic dark matter, explains that the hgher rate of expansion at greater distances is an incorrect interpretation of the greater red shift effect of tired light counteracted by a Big Bang contraction and some calculations of dark matter ratios.
The second paper, Variable anomolous magnetic momentsr explains that the whole 2.0023+ (equivalent to the g factor and currently interpreted anomalous magnetic moment) of the leptons is due to the velocity at which they are orbiting in traps or cyclotrons.
The June 2021 update outlines one paper which explains the first and second laws of thermodynamics and how quantum tunnels are formed to produce non-locality and superposition. Two other papers are listed below. The paper is shown here as Thermodynamics and quantum tunnels
There is also a paper on the ratio of normal matter to dark matter. The paper is shown here as Dark Matter
There is also a further paper on the symmetry groups underlying both normal and dark matter. The paper is shown here as Symmetry Groups
The March 2021 update outlines two papers. One paper is shown here as Dipole properties which investigates the properties of the meons in a loop when considered as three separate dipoles of a positive and negative meon.
The other paper Loop dynamics considers the dynamics of loop systems and orbital systems to show how the two are related and why the angular momentum of the former is twice that of the latter, even though both have the same equation for energy content.
The December 2020 update shows the publication of an extended version of last quarter’s paper on viscosity red shift. The paper is shown here as Astronomical redshifts and cosmic solutions.
It also has a published paper on eliminating the gravitational constant from general relativity and cosmology Eliminating G and another explaining why the electron spin g-factor is greater than 2. Electron g-factor
The September 2020 update looks at the reinterpretation of astronomical redshifts using the structure of photons from loops of meons providing a linear Z shift relationship with distance. The paper is also shown here as Astronomical redshifts reinterpreted
The June 2020 update considers how chase motion and viscosity slope resembles gravitation.
The March 2020 update is mainly about meon and loop dynamics. It has been a major target to be able to calculate the forces at work between meons across loops as the system has become clearer. Having actually managed to evaluate the actions of six meons in a subject loop with six meons in an object loop, it has become clear that in order to replicate to some extent the changes from ‘colour’ to strong to electromagnetic forces, the use of only inverse square law over distance cannot be the whole picture.
The December 2019 update covers stack magnetic moments with the conclusion that the differential orbital radii of meons, due to M+s versus M-s effective masses, cannot be the source of the anomalous magnetic moment of loops.
The September 2019 update covers photon energy red-shift loss over distance and how this affects the possible size and expansion rate of the universe.
The Update from June 2019 looks at the electric and magetic fields generated within the loop by the meons and emphasises that there is not just one shared potential field between any two particles, but two separate potential fields (mass, charge, electric, magnetic) which may not have the same direction of action. In the case of composite particles made of loops the two fields will have the same line of action and the resulant double strength lies at the heart of g=2 for loops like the electron and the mistaken energy/force equation relationship.June 2019 Update
The Update from March 2019 considers more closely the dynamics of meon motion within loops, providing precise values for the radii at which the different meons rotate at from the centre of rotation of the electron loop.March 2019 Update
The foundation paper shows how the use of SI units hides the equal strength of gravitational and charge fields and the it is the presence or absence of viscosity in a local environment that separates the relativistic and quantum frameworks. The speed of light is not a constant but is a terminal velocity set by the local environment, varying from close to zero around dense mass environments to above c where a no-background environment is established.
Please note that although the viscosity file includes how to calcuate the anomalous magnetic moments of the leptons, it stretches across all sizes and areas of physics to represent a theory of everything. Unfortunately the final step in the moment calculation has not yet been completed, so the paper remains work in progress.
The anomalous magnetic moments of the leptons and a theory of everything including why viscosity separates relativistic and quantum environments.
There is also a one-page explanation of the theory which gives an initial oversight, called Preon Ring Theory.
I have produced an electronic book which combines all the previous work and explains how the project began and how each step leads logically to the next:
A New Scientific Revolution
The is also an update paper showing the previous work, including that the DAPU set of units is the better physical set, rather than the TAPU set.Update September 2017
The foundation paper:
Showing h and G to be dimensionless
A recent paper on a theory of everything was presented at the Vigier series of conferences in Belgium in August. It is an overview of all the points necessary to create the alternative interpretation of physics postulated here. It is in the form of 95 short theses.A Hypothetical Pre-Fermion TOE in 95 Theses.
The abstract is: This is a hypothetical pre-fermion particle theory of everything, explaining the symmetric foundations of physics and why relativistic and quantum systems are different and irreconcilable. It is based on a single particle/anti-particle foundation and the background from which they emerge, using which the zoo of fermions, bosons, nucleons, photons and the observed universe are explained. The only two underlying types of energy presumed to exist are treated identically and produce standard formulae, except where the missing component in current formulae is shown to be necessary to explain stable orbits and why there is a maximum speed through the background universe. Matter and anti-matter are shown to be present in equal quantities and some dark matter is shown as the same composite loop form as matter, but with immiscible symmetries due to different number of particle/anti-particle pairs in the composites. The emergence of the particle/anti-particles from merged to unmerged state is shown to lead to randomly distributed failed big bang events within the single universe through which our successful big bang is expanding. Viscosity in the background universe, comprising merged particle/anti-particle pairs, saps energy from all composite particles and produces the light speed terminal velocity of photons. The resultant viscosity red-shift needs to be accommodated within current estimates of the size, age and expansion rate of the universe. The viscosity of the background in sapping energy from all motion within it leads to an arrow of time, the second law of thermodynamics and the relativistic framework. Where the background is absent, in tunnels between entangled loops, there is no viscosity present and velocities above light speed are possible and the quantum framework exists. Composite loops formed from the unit meon building blocks during different inflation events produce different sizes of fermions, nucleons and atoms, but produce a type of universe with symmetries similar to ours as the inevitable outcome of a successful inflation event. The rate of expansion after a big bang is a function of the size of the equivalent of the electron formed during inflation and that size defines whether the expansion will eventually succeed or fail. Key paradoxes are shown not to be paradoxes. This framework explains what energy and inertia are, how positive-only mass arises, spin units of ½ h, electrons with g=2 and 720 degrees of rotation, charge unit sizes, why particles have internal magnetic moments, the second law of thermodynamics and the arrow of time, where there is a maximum speed for particles, why stable states exist, why tired light may reduce the need for dark energy or the size of the universe, why there is no matter/anti-matter imbalance, what different types of dark matter are likely to be, the physical reality underlying zero point energy, why physics fails nowhere, why there is only one universe and threefold symmetry within our nucleons.
Additionally there is a short paper showing how some parts of basic rotational mechanics should be reinterpreted in the light of outward circumferential forces in action.Basic Mechanics Reinterpreted